Indicates whether the defendant has entered into an agreement with the prosecution to plead guilty in exchange for a reduced sentence, or whether the defendant has provided information or assistance to the authorities during the investigation or prosecution of the case.
Circumstances that diminish the responsibility or moral culpability of the accused for the offence, such as the fact that he acted because he was forced or coerced to do so, or because he acted in order to prevent serious harm.
This is the evidence or arguments presented by both the prosecution and the defence that could affect the penalty, such as evidence of the accused’s previous criminal record or mitigating factors such as mental illness or addiction.
Refers to the defendant’s military service, public service or other achievements that may be relevant to his or her sentencing.
Refers to the specific laws, policies, and case law in the jurisdiction where the offence was committed that may affect the sentence. For example, mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines, or prevailing community views on punishment.
The extent to which the defendant has cooperated with law enforcement and other authorities in the investigation and prosecution of his or her own case may be a factor in sentencing. Cooperation may demonstrate acceptance of responsibility and may be considered by the court as a mitigating factor.
The defendant’s age and any physical or mental health problems may be relevant to the court’s determination of an appropriate sentence; for example, an older defendant or one with a serious health problem may be sentenced more leniently.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence can affect his or her sentence. A principal or co-conspirator may receive a more severe sentence than an accomplice or someone who played a minor role.
A defendant’s financial resources and ability to pay fines or other financial penalties may be taken into account in the determination of an appropriate sentence. The court may have regard to the defendant’s ability to pay restitution to the victim(s) and/or fines to the state.
Sentencing may be influenced by the aim of deterring the defendant and others from committing similar offences in the future. A harsh sentence may act as a deterrent, while a more lenient sentence may not have the same effect.
The safety and protection of the public is a key consideration in sentencing. A sentence may be tougher for an offender who poses a significant threat to public safety in order to prevent him or her from committing further offences.
The potential for rehabilitation, or the ability to succeed in treatment or training to avoid reoffending, may be taken into account in determining an appropriate sentence.
Sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences set by state or federal law may be a factor in determining a sentence. The court must follow these guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences, although the court may have some discretion in certain cases.
Aggravators are elements of the crime or the defendant’s conduct that increase the penalty, while mitigators are elements that decrease the penalty. These factors are often specified by state or federal law.
Community and judicial views on the appropriate punishment for a particular offence may be a factor in determining a sentence. Public opinion and the views of the judge or sentencing panel may influence the perceived severity of a particular sentence.
The degree to which the accused assisted law enforcement or other authorities to investigate or prosecute the crime may play a role at sentencing.
The defendant’s age, mental health and physical health may be relevant to the sentencing decision as these factors may have an impact on the defendant’s ability to understand the consequences of their actions and their potential for rehabilitation.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence may also be taken into account, with those who played a leading or more active role often receiving a more severe sentence.
This factor refers to the specific details and events surrounding the offence committed, including the method used and any extenuating or attenuating circumstances.
This factor considers the defendant’s previous criminal history, including any previous convictions, and the defendant’s previous sentences.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s general background, including education, employment, family situation and any history of drug or alcohol abuse.
This factor considers the defendant’s expression of remorse for the crime committed, including any apologies or expressions of regret.
This factor assesses the physical, emotional and financial harm suffered by the victim(s) as a result of the offence and the impact the offence has had on their lives.