Indicates whether the defendant has entered into an agreement with the prosecution to plead guilty in exchange for a reduced sentence, or whether the defendant has provided information or assistance to the authorities during the investigation or prosecution.
Refers to circumstances that reduce the defendant’s degree of responsibility or moral culpability for the offence, such as acting under duress or compulsion, or because it was necessary to prevent greater harm.
Refers to evidence or arguments presented by the prosecution and defence that may affect the sentence, such as evidence of the defendant’s past crimes or mitigating circumstances such as mental illness or addiction.
Refers to the accused’s military service, public service or other accomplishments which might have a bearing on the conviction.
Refers to the specific laws, policies and case law in the jurisdiction where the offence was committed that may have an impact on the sentence, such as mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines, or prevailing community views on punishment.
Sentencing may take into account how far an accused has cooperated with law enforcement and other authorities in investigating and prosecuting his case.
The age of the accused and any physical or mental health problems may be relevant to the court in determining an appropriate sentence.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence may affect their sentence. A principal or a conspirator may receive a more severe sentence than a collaborator or a person who played a minor role.
A defendant’s financial resources and ability to pay fines or other financial penalties may be considered in determining an appropriate sentence. The court may consider a defendant’s ability to pay restitution to victims and/or fines to the state.
Sentencing can be influenced by the aim of deterring the defendant and others from committing similar offences in the future. A harsh sentence can act as a deterrent, while a more lenient sentence may not have the same effect.
The safety and protection of the public is a key consideration in sentencing. A sentence may be increased for an offender who poses a significant threat to public safety to prevent him or her from committing further offences.
The potential for rehabilitation, or the ability to succeed in treatment or training so as to avoid reoffending, may be taken into account in determining an appropriate sentence.
Sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences set by state or federal law may be a factor in determining a sentence. The court must follow these guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences, but may have some discretion in certain cases.
Statutory aggravating circumstances are elements of the crime or the defendant’s conduct that increase the severity of the sentence, while statutory mitigating circumstances are elements that decrease the severity of the sentence. These factors are often specified by state or federal law.
Community and judicial views on the appropriate punishment for a particular crime can be a factor in determining a sentence. Public opinion and the views of the judge or sentencing panel can influence the perceived severity of a particular sentence.
The extent to which the defendant assisted law enforcement or other authorities in investigating or prosecuting the crime may be considered as a sentencing factor.
The age and the mental and physical health of the accused may be relevant in determining the sentence, as these factors may affect the ability of the accused to understand the consequences of his or her actions and his or her potential for rehabilitation.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence may also be taken into account, with those who have played a leading or more active role often receiving a more severe sentence.
This factor relates to the specific details and events surrounding the commission of the offence, including the means used and the extenuating and mitigating factors.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s criminal history, including any previous convictions and the defendant’s previous sentencing history.
This takes into account all aspects of an accused person, including education, employment, family circumstances and any history of drug or alcohol abuse.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s expression of remorse for the offence committed. It includes any apology or expression of regret.
This factor assesses the physical, emotional and financial damage that the victim(s) have suffered as a result of the crime and the impact of the crime on their lives.