Indicates whether the defendant has reached an agreement with the prosecution to plead guilty in exchange for a reduced sentence, or whether he has provided information or assistance to the authorities in investigating or prosecuting the case.
Refers to circumstances that may reduce the defendant’s degree of responsibility or moral blameworthiness for the offence, such as acting under duress or coercion or because it was necessary to prevent greater harm.
This is the evidence or arguments presented by both the prosecution and the defence that can affect the penalty, such as evidence of the accused’s previous criminal record or mitigating factors such as mental illness or addiction.
Refers to the accused’s military, public or other service record that may be relevant to sentencing.
Indicates the specific laws, policies, and case law in the jurisdiction where the offence was committed that may affect the sentence, such as mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines, or prevailing community attitudes towards punishment.
The extent to which the defendant has cooperated with law enforcement and other authorities in investigating and prosecuting his own case may be a factor in sentencing. Cooperation may demonstrate acceptance of responsibility and be considered by the court as a mitigating factor.
The defendant’s age and any physical or mental health problems may be relevant to the court in determining an appropriate sentence. For example, an older defendant or one with a serious health problem may be sentenced more leniently.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence may affect his or her sentence. A principal or co-conspirator may receive a more severe sentence than an accomplice or someone who played a minor role.
The financial resources of the accused and his or her ability to meet financial penalties may be considered in determining the appropriate sentence.
Sentencing may be influenced by the aim of deterring the defendant and others from committing similar offences in the future; a harsh sentence may act as a deterrent, while a lighter sentence may not.
The safety and protection of the public is a key consideration in sentencing. A defendant who poses a significant threat to public safety may be sentenced more severely to ensure that he or she is unable to commit further offences.
The defendant’s potential for rehabilitation, or ability to be successfully treated or trained so that he or she will not reoffend, may be taken into account in determining an appropriate sentence. A defendant who appears to have a high likelihood of successful rehabilitation may be sentenced more leniently.
A court is required to follow sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimums established by state or federal law, even though it has some discretion.
Statutory aggravating circumstances are elements of the crime or defendant’s conduct that increase the severity of the sentence, while mitigating circumstances are elements that decrease the severity of the sentence, often specified by state or federal law.
The views of the community and the judiciary on the appropriate punishment for a particular offence can be a factor in determining a sentence Public opinion and the views of the judge or sentencing panel can influence the perceived severity of a particular sentence.
The degree to which the accused assisted the police or other authorities to investigate or prosecute the crime may play a role at sentencing.
Age, mental and physical health of an accused person may be relevant to sentencing as these factors may affect his or her ability to understand consequences of his or her actions and his or her capacity for rehabilitation.
The role of the defendant in the commission of the offence may also be taken into account, with those who have played a leading or more active role often being given a more severe sentence.
This factor refers to the specific details and events surrounding the offence that was committed, including the method used and any aggravating or mitigating circumstances.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s previous criminal record, including any previous convictions, and the defendant’s history of previous convictions.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s whole background. This includes education, employment, family situation, and any history of drug or alcohol abuse.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s demonstration of remorse for the offence committed, including any apology or expression of regret.
This factor assesses the physical, emotional and financial harm suffered by the victim/s as a result of the crime and how the crime has affected their lives.