Refers to whether the defendant has entered into an agreement with the prosecution to plead guilty in exchange for a reduced sentence, or has provided information or assistance to the authorities during the investigation or prosecution of the case.
Refers to circumstances that reduce the defendant’s level of responsibility or moral culpability for the offence, such as acting under duress or compulsion, or because it was necessary to prevent greater harm.
Means the evidence or arguments presented by both the prosecution and the defence that could affect the penalty, such as evidence of the defendant’s previous bad acts or mitigating factors such as mental illness or addiction.
Refers to the defendant’s military, public service or other achievements relevant to the sentence.
Refers to the specific laws, policies and case law in the jurisdiction where the offence was committed that may affect the sentence. For example, mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines, or prevailing community views on punishment.
The extent to which the accused cooperated with law enforcement and other authorities in the investigation and prosecution of his own case can be a factor in sentencing.
The age of the defendant and any physical or mental health problems may be relevant to the court in determining an appropriate sentence – for example, an older defendant or one with a serious health problem may be sentenced more leniently.
The defendant’s role in the commission of the offence may have an impact on his or her sentence. A principal or co-conspirator may receive a more severe sentence than an accomplice or someone who had a minor role.
A defendant’s financial resources and ability to pay fines or other financial penalties may be taken into account in the determination of an appropriate sentence. The court may have regard to a defendant’s ability to pay compensation to the victim(s) and/or fines to the state.
Sentencing can be influenced by the aim of deterring the defendant and others from committing similar offences in the future. A harsh sentence may act as a deterrent, while a more lenient sentence may not have the same effect.
The safety and protection of the public is an important consideration in sentencing. If an accused person poses a significant threat to public safety, a harsher sentence may be imposed to prevent him or her from committing further offences.
The defendant’s potential for rehabilitation, or ability to be successfully treated or trained so that he or she will not offend again, may be taken into account in determining an appropriate sentence.
Sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences set out in state or federal law may be a factor in determining a sentence. The court must follow these guidelines and mandatory minimum sentences, although it may have some discretion in certain cases.
Statutory aggravating circumstances are elements of the crime or the defendant’s conduct that increase the severity of the sentence, while statutory mitigating circumstances are elements that decrease the severity of the sentence. These factors are often specified in state or federal law.
The views of the community and the judiciary as to the appropriate punishment for a particular offence may be a factor in determining a sentence Public opinion and the views of the judge or sentencing panel may influence the perceived severity of a particular sentence.
The extent to which the defendant has assisted law enforcement or other authorities to investigate or prosecute the crime may be considered as a sentencing factor.
The age, mental and physical health of the accused may be relevant in determining the sentence, as these factors may affect the accused’s ability to understand the consequences of his actions and his potential for rehabilitation.
Their role in committing an offence is also taken into account, with those with leadership or more active roles often receiving harsher sentences.
This factor refers to the specific details and events surrounding the offence, including the method used and any aggravating or mitigating circumstances.
This factor takes into account the defendant’s previous criminal record, including any previous convictions, and the defendant’s history of previous sentencing.
This takes into account a defendants’ whole background, including education, employment, family circumstances and any history of drug or alcohol abuse.
This factor considers whether the accused has shown remorse for the offence, including apologising or expressing remorse.
This factor assesses the physical, emotional and financial damage suffered by the victim/s as a result of the crime and how the crime has affected their lives.