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Fraud and theft are often confusing for people facing either criminal charge.
Both offences have serious consequences, including the potential of a lifelong criminal record and jail time but there are some key differences.
If you have been charged with fraud, it’s important to engage a Toronto fraud lawyer as soon as possible to defend you.
As the police and the prosecution work on the case against you, we can help you work on a strong defence that provides your best opportunity of escaping serious punishments.
Whether it’s your first charge or you have previous misdemeanors or crimes on your record, Jeffrey I Reisman Criminal Defence Lawyer can assist you in navigating the confusing Toronto legal system.
What is fraud in Ontario?
After theft, fraud is one of the most common property offences in Toronto.
Like theft, fraud charges are divided into two categories based on the amount that is allegedly defrauded:
- Fraud under $5,000 – the most common type of fraud
- Fraud over $5,000 – a more serious charge
Where deceit or deception are used in relation to taking property, you may be charged with fraud as opposed to theft.
The seriousness of such crimes varies according to not only the amount defrauded but also against whom the fraud was perpetrated.
If it involves an employer, it is often considered more serious due to the extra breach of trust involved in such cases. A prison sentence is possible in either case, though.
Types of fraud
Common examples of fraud in Toronto are:
- Credit card fraud – using a person’s credit card to purchase goods without their knowledge or consent
- Insurance fraud – for instance, deliberately seeking a higher car insurance payout than necessary after an accident
- Identity fraud – deliberately using someone else’s name and personal details (including financial information) for private gain
- Designing or assisting in a fraudulent online scheme (e.g., email and inheritance fraud)
- Mortgage fraud
Fraud in the workplace is on the rise too. This may include:
- Submitting false timesheets as an employee
- Submitting false travel expenses
- Providing false sales information in order to earn a bonus from an employer
So-called, “white-collar fraud” and corporate fraud includes:
- Finance and securities-related crimes
- Breach of trust
- Price-fixing and creating monopolies
- Bankruptcy fraud (by individuals or companies)
- Tax fraud
How does the crown distinguish between fraud and theft in Ontario?
While there are similarities between theft and fraud, there are also important legal differences.
Both are offences against property. However, fraud is different from to in that it involves some form of deceit, falsehood, dishonesty or deception.
Sometimes, this is termed as operating “under false pretences”.
What are the consequences of fraud over $5000 in Ontario?
There is a wide range of sentencing options for fraud convictions. It pays to hire a lawyer with considerable experience in such cases.
Even if you accept the charges against you, a good lawyer may be able to reduce the penalties you face and even prevent a criminal record.
Section 380 of the Criminal Code dictates that a conviction for fraud in Toronto over $5,000 can result in up to 14 years in jail.
A minimum mandatory sentence of two years imprisonment is applied if the total amount of fraud exceeds one million dollars.
More typically, depending on the gravity of the offence, being found guilty of fraud results in restitution, fines, and a lesser jail sentence or, in some cases, no prison time at all.
However, you may still end up with a criminal record that will effectively stay with you for the rest of your life.
That can create problems with travel, your immigration status (for non-Canadians), and your employment opportunities.
Bear in mind that many companies have policies that discount hiring (or continuing to employ) anyone convicted of fraud.
Fraud under $5000 in Ontario
The penalties for fraud under $5,000 are less severe. However, you could still face up to two years imprisonment if you are convicted of this offence.
Penalties may also be harsher if you have previous offences on your record (fraud or another crime).
First-time offenders of fraud
If you’re an alleged first-time offender, the legal processes may be confusing for you.
In general, the police will release you on the same day after obtaining evidence.
However, if you are deemed a flight risk or a threat to the public, or you have been charged with a more serious fraud offence, you may need to apply for bail or obtain a “promise to appear” notice.
It is important to involve a lawyer as soon as possible if this is the case.
Your Toronto bail lawyer can guide you through the bail hearing and advise you on all the upcoming legal steps before and after your appearance date in court.
Hire a Toronto fraud lawyer
A fraud charge in Toronto will usually involve an appearance at the Ontario Court of Justice or Superior Court of Justice.
Your defence will depend on the precise circumstances of your alleged fraudulent activity, as well as the arrest, police conduct, and the strength of evidence against you.
As an experienced fraud lawyer based in Toronto, Jeffrey Reisman will look for weaknesses in the evidence against you.
Was there intent to commit fraud on your part? Was the evidence gathered correctly? Are there inconsistencies in accounts of events? Are the witnesses credible?
Any doubts in these types of matters can lead to case dismissal.
If you have to go to trial, Jeffrey Reisman will deliver a powerful defence and seek either acquittal or a reduced sentence.
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Jeff Reisman works hard for his clients. I highly recommend him if you’ve been charged with a criminal offence.
Jeffrey is as shrewd as they come, He cares about your freedom and overall outcome. Court is no joke and I feel most comfortable with Jeffrey on my side.
I hired Jeff after arrested for impaired driving/and over .80. He was accessible and always answered his phone when I had questions. He eventually had my case reduced so I didn’t have to undergo a year licence suspension. Hope I never go through this again but if I did would definitely hire him again.
Thanks for everything Jeff, Since the day I hired you, You took all my tensions and got me out of this charge.I hope I will not have to go through this again, but in case if it happened, blindly, you will be the first person to contact.
He is a great lawyer. He never let me down. Trust him. Fallow his lead you will get whatever result you want to get. Thank you Jeffrey.
Jeffrey Reisman is an amazing lawyer. He really helped me through my criminal case. He answer all my questions and concerns anytime I needed him. He definitely went over and beyond what was asked/needed. I would highly recommend him. I am forever grateful he made a bad experience much easier to deal with!
Jeffrey services are outstanding. Highly recommend.
Excellent lawyer. I recommend him for youth cases. He comforted us for the situation and did not give us any hassle. Got us the result we were looking for. Trust me he is good and caring.
I would recommend Jeffrey Reisman for anyone who is looking for a confident and trustworthy lawyer who really cares about his clients. He helped me through my entire case and got me a great deal. I was very pleased with his work and attitude. I highly recommend Jeffrey for any criminal case.